Howard Webb, the referee when
Bolton Wanderers midfielder Fabrice Muamba collapsed on the
pitch with a cardiac arrest and nearly died in March, has warned
players that feigning injuries could risk lives.
Webb said in an interview that the Muamba incident during an
FA Cup match against Tottenham Hotspur and his subsequent
recovery had had a lasting impact on him.
Speaking at FIFA's medical congress, he said that referees
might be reluctant to stop the flow of games if they thought a
player was "crying wolf" and that any delay could have been
fatal for Muamba.
"I turned and saw him lying face down on the ground with no
one else nearby - this was clearly a major concern and something
more than a normal injury," said Webb who refereed the 2010
World Cup final.
"The fact he wasn't rolling around screaming in agony, the
way he went down with no contact, meant immediately it was
serious. And it was not only me - the players recognised it. You
see William Gallas's reaction - an opposing player - immediately
waving to the bench to come on.
"If the game had not been stopped within 20 or 30 seconds,
that might have made a difference to his chances of recovery.
"One of our obligations as a referee is to try and observe
fair play and keep the game flowing when we can. But if players
cry wolf too many times then there is a possibility that maybe
we will not react in the way we need to do based on what we saw
"If we come under criticism for stopping the games too many
times for doctors or physios to enter the field of play then
referees might be inclined not to stop the game."
Webb said he had the feeling the crowd was pushing with
Bolton doctor Jonathan Tobin to get Muamba's heart going.
"They realised how serious it was once the CPR started," he
said. "It was amazing, absolutely astonishing.
"It was just the most unbelievable crowd reaction I have
ever experienced in football and thinking about it now makes me
feel emotional. There were 40,000 people there and the doctors
were so focused, doing what they did in those circumstances."
Webb said that as he drove home after the game he feared
Muamba had little chance of surviving.
"There was a numb sensation that lasted the whole night and
next day about what you'd witnessed," he said.
"We thought it was a slim hope that he would pull through
but no news was good news and gradually there was some more
The match was abandoned after the incident which happened
shortly before half-time.
"The players pretty much decided themselves," Webb said.
"There were players in the shower and they had already taken the
decision to call the game off. Players from both teams were
clearly of the mind that they didn't want to continue in those
Tobin told reporters it was still too early to say whether
the 24-year-old Muamba would ever play again.
"That decision is yet to be taken. Discussions are going on
with the cardiologists in London and Fabrice and they will
eventually decide what will happen," he said.
While Muamba, whose heart stopped beating for 78 minutes,
was lucky to survive, other players have not been so fortunate.
Piermario Morosino, 25, of Serie B side Livorno died last
month after a similar collapse and a global survey by FIFA
showed 84 footballers had suffered cardiac arrests on the pitch
and died during the last five years.
FIFA's medical committee chairman Michel D'Hooghe said
Muamba's collapse highlighted the need for a defibrillator to be
available at every match.
"FIFA has given the national associations a lot of money and
perhaps they should use some of that money to provide them at
every club," he told a news conference.
"The main word for us is prevention," D'Hooghe, said. "We
have profoundly discussed cardiac deaths. There is an absolute
need for a defibrillator on every football field because it
could be the difference between a matter of life and death."
The medical committee would ask FIFA for approval to set up
an international register of cardiac fatalities on the pitch in
a bid to find out why they happened, the body's chief medical
officer, Jiri Dvorak said.
"Sport makes us aware that nameless people may be dying due
to not-known underlying disease so we can push the research,
with strong support from FIFA, to get more information about
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