BUENOS AIRES - Argentina has surpassed
neighbouring Brazil as the world's largest exporter of football
players - a trend that may not be a good thing for the South
American country's domestic game.
Players had become assets to be sold off to repay club
debts, one agent said, while the growing exodus of Argentina's
best young players is leaving a void in the local game.
"The reality today is that a player is a major asset,
bringing in more revenue than television, ticket sales,
merchandising, licensing," Gerardo Molina, an agent for
Euroamericas Sports Marketing, told Reuters.
"In other words, they are the main source of revenue for
clubs in Argentina and Brazil. That explains the haste with
which they look at which players they can sell at the end of the
season to find a way to somehow pay the debts that most
Argentine clubs have."
Argentina, which has produced some of the world's top
players including Lionel Messi of Barcelona and Manchester
City's Carlos Tevez, sold close to 1,800 players between 2009
and 2010 compared to Brazil's 1,440, according to figure's
compiled by Molina's company.
It has overtaken Brazil, the highest exporter of the last
decade, and now supplies Europe with an ever-increasing number
Molina said Argentina's figures had rocketed because it had
a dual system under which clubs and private academies were
sending young players abroad, while in other countries only
clubs handled the sales.
"The combination - the fusion of the first division run by
the Argentine Football Association combined with private schools
exporting players directly, without going through an agent - is
what has made the numbers take off exponentially compared to
Brazil, which continues to work with an academy level that isn't
as big as Argentina's," he said.
"And (Brazil) continues to give priority to the players that
come out of their clubs and the agents who sell players who are
products of the clubs, essentially from the first division."
The competing systems and the easing of European club
restrictions on foreign players have led to a nearly 800 percent
increase in the export of Argentine players in five years.
Players are being sold to European and other leagues around
the world at increasingly younger ages.
Many are sold by the time they are 15 or 16, when they are
still in youth divisions and often before they have made a
first-division debut in their home country.
Few, if any, of the 1,800 will go on to become the next
Messi, considered by many to be the world's top active player.
Former player Adrian Domenech, who is in charge of the youth
scheme at first division club Argentinos Juniors, said playing
in second-tier European leagues instead of the top flight in
Argentina was a backward step for many players.
"To go and play in markets that in terms of football aren't
professionally beneficial is a step back in a player's career
because they are soccer markets of lesser merit," said Domenech,
who played for the Argentinos Juniors team that won the South
American Libertadores Cup in 1985.
"(In) Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, Romania, a bunch of teams
have taken players because they have economic power, Greece too,
and the players have gone for a lot of money, knowing that in
terms of soccer it isn't maybe the best thing for their career."
Football in Argentina is the sport of the poor and the
financial benefits are enticing to many young players and their
families, who see a contract in Europe as a way to escape
According to Domenech, most of these players who leave at
what he says is too young an age return by the time they are 18
This hurts not only the players but also the teams that paid
for them in the hope of finding a young, successful newcomer.
For Domenech, it is obvious that only a few youngsters from
each age group he coaches will make it to the best leagues or be
able to represent their country in the top international
Ramon Maddoni, head coach of Boca Juniors' junior teams, has
discovered many players who have had long, lucrative and
successful careers at the highest level.
Maddoni, discovered and nurtured players such as Tevez, Juan
Pablo Sorin, who was captain of Argentina's 2006 World Cup side,
Newcastle United defender Fabricio Coloccini and Esteban
Cambiasso, a key midfielder in Inter Milan's Champions League
win last May.
He agrees that players are being sold too early, robbing
them of their chance to excel at home and opening up a talent
void for local clubs.
"(Boca) sold a lot of very young kids, like (Espanyol
defender Juan) Forlin, (Palermo's Ezequiel) Munoz,
(Galatasaray's former Liverpool left-back) Emiliano Insua, a
bunch of kids that today would be 23 or 24 and would be playing
in the first division. Replacing them is a slow, gradual
process," he said.
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